Your First Steps in Automated Testing: Introduction to Quick Test Professional

Automated testing is now fundamental to modern software development, guaranteeing that applications are reliable, efficient, and free of bugs. Quick Test Professional (QTP), now called Micro Focus Unified Functional Testing (UFT), stands out as a premier tool in the realm of automated functional and regression testing. This article will guide you through your first steps in automated testing: Introduction to Quick Test Professional, providing a comprehensive understanding of its features, setup, and best practices.

Understanding Quick Test Professional

Quick Test Professional is an automated testing tool designed to help testers create automated tests for a variety of software applications. Its robust features and user-friendly interface make it a preferred choice for testers worldwide.

Key Features of Quick Test Professional:

  • Keyword-Driven Testing: Simplifies the test creation process by using keywords to represent actions.

  • Data-Driven Testing: Facilitates the use of multiple data sets to validate the application.

  • Integration with Test Management Tools: Seamlessly integrates with tools like Micro Focus ALM (Application Lifecycle Management).

  • Object Repository: Stores properties of application objects, aiding in test maintenance.

  • Extensive Application Support: Supports web, desktop, and mobile applications, among others.

Getting Started with Quick Test Professional

To embark on your journey in automated testing with QTP, it is essential to understand the installation process, initial setup, and basic functionalities.

1. Installation and Setup

The first step in using QTP is to install and configure the tool properly.

  • Download and Install QTP: Obtain the installation package from the official Micro Focus website and follow the installation instructions.

  • Licensing Configuration: Set up the licensing information to activate QTP. This step is crucial to access all the features of the tool.

  • Initial Configuration: Adjust the tool settings to align with your testing environment. This includes setting up the Object Repository, Data Table, and other essential configurations.

2. Understanding the QTP Interface

Familiarizing yourself with the QTP interface is vital for efficient test creation and management.

  • Test Pane: The main area where you create and manage your test scripts.

  • Data Table: Used for data-driven testing, allowing you to input and manage test data.

  • Object Repository: Stores the properties of the objects that QTP interacts with during testing.

  • Action Pane: Helps in managing different actions or steps within a test script.

Core Concepts of Quick Test Professional

Before delving into advanced features, it is important to grasp the core concepts of Quick Test Professional.

1. Record and Playback

One of the fundamental features of QTP is its ability to record user interactions with the application and play them back to validate functionality.

  • Recording Tests: QTP records actions performed on the application and generates corresponding test scripts.

  • Playing Back Tests: The recorded scripts can be played back to simulate user actions and verify the application's behavior.

2. Object Repository

The Object Repository is a key component of QTP, storing information about the objects that the tool interacts with during testing.

  • Local Object Repository: Stores objects specific to a particular test.

  • Shared Object Repository: Allows objects to be shared across multiple tests, promoting reusability and easier maintenance.

3. Parameterization

Parameterization enhances the flexibility of your tests by allowing you to run the same test with different sets of data.

  • Input Parameters: These parameters are used to pass different values to the test script.

  • Output Parameters: These capture values from the application under test, which can then be used for validation.

Intermediate Techniques in Quick Test Professional

Once you are comfortable with the basics, you can move on to intermediate techniques that enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of your testing efforts.

1. Keyword-Driven Testing

Keyword-driven testing allows you to create test scripts using a set of predefined keywords, making the process more intuitive and accessible.

  • Creating Keywords: Define reusable keywords that represent common actions or steps in your tests.

  • Using Keywords: Build your test scripts by combining these keywords, which enhances readability and maintainability.

2. Data-Driven Testing

Data-driven testing is a powerful technique that allows you to run your tests with multiple sets of data to ensure that your application performs well under various conditions.

  • Utilizing Data Tables: Store input data in the Data Table to run the same test with different data sets.

  • Implementing Parameterization: Use parameterization to vary the input data without altering the test script.

3. Checkpoints and Output Values

Checkpoints and output values are essential for validating the functionality and performance of the application under test.

  • Checkpoints: Insert checkpoints in your test script to verify that the application behaves as expected at specific points.

  • Output Values: Capture output values from the application and use them for further validation.

Best Practices for Quick Test Professional

To maximize the effectiveness of your Quick Test Professional efforts, it’s important to adhere to best practices that ensure efficiency, accuracy, and reliability.

1. Comprehensive Test Planning

  • Define Clear Objectives: Establish clear and measurable objectives for your testing efforts.

  • Develop Detailed Test Plans: Create detailed test plans that outline the scope, resources, and strategies.

2. Script Optimization

  • Modular Scripts: Develop modular test scripts that can be reused across different test cases.

  • Parameterization: Use parameterization to enhance the flexibility and adaptability of your tests.

3. Regular Maintenance

  • Update Scripts: Regularly update your test scripts to reflect changes in the application.

  • Review and Refactor: Periodically review and refactor your scripts to improve performance and maintainability.

4. Integration with CI/CD

  • Continuous Testing: Integrate QTP testing into your CI/CD pipelines to enable continuous testing and faster feedback.

  • Automated Execution: Schedule automated test executions to run at predefined intervals or on specific triggers.

Enhancing Your Skills through Training

To become proficient in Quick Test Professional, continuous learning and skill enhancement are crucial. Participating in testing training and placement programs can provide the necessary training and job placement assistance.

  • Professional Training Programs: Enroll in professional training programs that offer comprehensive instruction on QTP testing.

  • Online Courses: Utilize online courses and tutorials to learn at your own pace.

  • Workshops and Seminars: Attend workshops and seminars conducted by industry experts to stay updated with the latest trends and techniques.

Real-World Applications of Quick Test Professional

Quick Test Professional is widely used across various industries to ensure the quality and reliability of software applications. Its versatility and robust features make it suitable for a wide range of testing scenarios.

  • Financial Services: Automates the testing of complex financial applications to ensure accuracy and compliance.

  • Healthcare: Ensures the reliability and functionality of healthcare management systems.

  • E-Commerce: Validates the performance and functionality of e-commerce platforms.

Challenges in Quick Test Professional and How to Overcome Them

While Quick Test Professional offers numerous benefits, testers often encounter challenges that can hinder the efficiency of their testing efforts. Understanding these challenges and knowing how to overcome them is crucial for maintaining an effective testing process.

1. Handling Dynamic Objects

  • Challenge: Objects within the application may change dynamically, making it difficult for QTP to identify them.

  • Solution: Use descriptive programming to handle dynamic objects and ensure that your test scripts remain robust.

2. Test Script Maintenance

  • Challenge: Frequent changes in the application can lead to high maintenance efforts for test scripts.

  • Solution: Implement modular scripts and reusable components to reduce the maintenance burden and enhance script reusability.

3. Flaky Tests

  • Challenge: Tests that produce inconsistent results can undermine the reliability of your testing efforts.

  • Solution: Regularly review and refine your test scripts, and implement robust error-handling mechanisms to ensure consistency.


Your First Steps in Automated Testing: Introduction to Quick Test Professional provides a structured approach to understanding and utilizing QTP for automated testing. By grasping the fundamental concepts, implementing intermediate techniques, and exploring advanced strategies, you can significantly enhance your testing efforts. Following best practices and continuously enhancing your skills through training programs, such as qa testing training and placement, will ensure you are well-equipped to leverage QTP for delivering high-quality software applications. As you progress, integrating QTP into your overall QA strategy and staying updated with emerging trends will keep you at the forefront of software testing excellence.