Automating Tests with HP Quick Test Professional

In the realm of software testing, HP Quick Test Professional (QTP), now known as Micro Focus Unified Functional Testing (UFT), has established itself as a premier tool for automated functional and regression testing. It enables testers to execute automated tests on various software applications and environments. This comprehensive guide delves into the myriad aspects of automating tests with HP Quick Test Professional, providing insights and best practices to enhance your testing proficiency.

Introduction to HP Quick Test Professional

HP Quick Test Professional is a robust automated testing tool developed by Hewlett-Packard (HP) for functional and regression testing. It utilizes a graphical user interface (GUI) to record the actions of a user on an application and later plays back these actions to execute automated tests.

Key Features of HP Quick Test Professional

  • Keyword-Driven Testing: Facilitates test creation using a set of keywords representing different actions.

  • Scripted Testing: Allows for scripting using VBScript to customize and enhance test cases.

  • Integration with Test Management Tools: Seamlessly integrates with test management tools like HP ALM/Quality Center.

  • Supports Multiple Environments: Capable of testing a wide range of applications, including web, desktop, and mobile.

  • Object Repository: Manages and stores the objects in the application under test (AUT).

Setting Up HP Quick Test Professional


  1. Download and Install: Obtain the installation files from the official Micro Focus website and follow the installation instructions.

  2. License Activation: Activate your license using the provided license key.


  1. Add-Ins: Configure add-ins based on the type of application (e.g., web, Java, .NET).

  2. Object Identification: Set up object identification properties to recognize UI elements accurately.

Creating Automated Tests

Recording Tests

Recording is the initial step in creating automated tests with HP Quick Test Professional. It captures user actions on the application and generates test scripts.

  1. Select Record Mode: Choose the appropriate recording mode (Normal, Analog, Low-Level).

  2. Start Recording: Launch the application and start recording interactions.

  3. Perform Actions: Execute the desired actions on the application.

  4. Stop Recording: End the recording session to generate the test script.

Enhancing Test Scripts

Recorded scripts may require enhancements to handle dynamic content and improve reliability.

  1. Parameterization: Replace hard-coded values with parameters to create data-driven tests.

  2. Checkpoints: Insert checkpoints to verify application states (e.g., text, images).

  3. Synchronization Points: Add synchronization points to handle timing issues.

Using the Object Repository

The Object Repository is a central component for managing test objects.

  1. Shared vs. Local Repository: Decide between a shared repository (used across multiple tests) or a local repository (specific to a single test).

  2. Adding Objects: Manually add or update objects in the repository.

  3. Managing Object Properties: Edit properties to ensure accurate object identification.

Advanced Scripting with VBScript

HP Quick Test Professional leverages VBScript for advanced scripting, allowing for greater flexibility and control.

Writing Custom Scripts

  1. Understanding VBScript: Familiarize yourself with the basics of VBScript.

  2. Control Structures: Use loops and conditional statements to enhance test logic.

  3. Functions and Procedures: Create reusable functions and procedures for common tasks.

Error Handling

  1. On Error Resume Next: Implement error handling to manage unexpected events.

  2. Error Logging: Log errors to maintain a record of test execution issues.

Integrating with Test Management Tools

HP Quick Test Professional integrates seamlessly with test management tools to streamline the Software testing training process.

  1. Connecting to ALM/QC: Establish a connection to HP ALM/Quality Center for test management.

  2. Uploading Test Scripts: Upload and manage test scripts within the test management tool.

  3. Executing Tests: Execute tests directly from the test management tool and retrieve results.

Best Practices for Automating Tests with HP Quick Test Professional

  • Modular Approach: Divide test scripts into reusable modules to enhance maintainability.

  • Consistent Naming Conventions: Use clear and consistent naming conventions for test scripts, objects, and parameters.

  • Regular Maintenance: Regularly update test scripts and object repositories to accommodate changes in the application.

  • Comprehensive Documentation: Document test scripts, functions, and procedures to facilitate knowledge transfer and future maintenance.

Common Challenges and Solutions

Handling Dynamic Objects

  • Descriptive Programming: Use descriptive programming to handle dynamic objects not present in the object repository.

  • Regular Expressions: Utilize regular expressions to manage dynamic property values.

Synchronization Issues

  • Wait Statements: Incorporate wait statements to ensure the application is ready for the next action.

  • Synchronization Points: Use synchronization points to manage timing-related issues.

Debugging and Troubleshooting

  • Debugging Tools: Use debugging tools and breakpoints to identify and resolve issues in test scripts.

  • Error Messages: Pay attention to error messages and logs to diagnose problems effectively.

Case Studies: Successful Implementations of HP Quick Test Professional

  1. Case Study 1: A leading financial institution automated its regression testing using HP Quick Test Professional, reducing test execution time by 70%.

  2. Case Study 2: An e-commerce company improved the reliability of its automated tests by implementing data-driven testing and descriptive programming in HP Quick Test Professional.

  • AI and Machine Learning: The integration of AI and machine learning in test automation tools to enhance test creation and maintenance.

  • Continuous Testing: The adoption of continuous testing practices in DevOps pipelines for faster feedback and improved quality.


Automating tests with HP Quick Test Professional offers a plethora of benefits, including increased efficiency, consistency, and coverage in testing efforts. By understanding its features, setting up the environment correctly, and following best practices, testers can significantly enhance their test automation capabilities. As technology evolves, staying updated with the latest trends and advancements in test automation will ensure that you continue to leverage the full potential of HP Quick Test Professional in your testing endeavors.